Baguio City Market – fresh fruits and vegetables, fish and meats (including Baguio “longanisa”), jams, peanut brittle, the famous Baguio “walis” (native brooms), flowers and plants, dollar black-market exchange, etc.
Maharlika Shopping Center – boutiques, curio shops and beauty salons
Marbay Shopping Center – handicrafts, souvenirs, embroidery, native furniture, woodcarvings, baskets, flowers and plants, etc.
Igorot Garden – Favorite hangout for the locals
Baguio Cathedral – Truly a Baguio landmark for its twin spires. Masses are celebrated in English except when Ilocano or Tagalog are indicated:
Sundays and Holidays of Obligation
8:00 am (Ilocano)
9:00 am (Tagalog)
Mondays thru Fridays
Plaza Garden –While the time away under a bougainvillea trellis and see a 3D topographical map of the Cordilleras
Malcolm Square / People’s Park –Open air concerts and shows
Session Road – Baguio’s main thoroughfare
Burnham Park – Baguio’s premiere park known for boating, biking, soccer, concerts, skating, picnicking, etc.
“Wagwagan” Shops – Bargain shops for pre-owned items and export overruns.
The beautiful City of Baguio, also known as the Summer Capital of the Philippines, was just one of the 31 tiny settlements, or rancherias, established at around 1846 by the early Spanish colonizers in the pine-covered highlands of the Benguet province. Back then, the rancheria that would eventually become Baguio City was called Kafagway, a village inhabited by the Kankana-ey and Ibaloi tribes of the Cordilleras. Rising around 5,000 feet or 1,524 meters above sea level, Kafagway and the rest of the Benguet province was perfect for growing arabica coffee, as the Spanish settlers discovered. The coffee trees, however, would outlast the Spanish colonizers for elsewhere in the world, something else was brewing that would change the destiny of Kafagway.
In the international arena, the United States of America won the war against Spain, and Spain sold the Philippines to the Americans for $20 million. By the early 1900s, the cool climate of the highlands as well as its rich gold ore deposits quickly attracted the Americans. The new colonizers began the construction of Kennon Road that would link the highlands to Pangasinan, to La Union and to the other lowland provinces.
Soon after, the highlands were developed as mining camps and as a retreat for the U.S. Armed Forces. In 1903, the Americans built Camp John Hay as a rest and recreational facility for US servicemen. At the same time, Americans mined the mountains in Benguet for gold. Kennon Road alone was lined with several mining camps. The American architect and urban planner Daniel H. Burnham designed the city. The city got its name, however, from bag-iw meaning “moss” in Ibaloi – the native tongue of the Benguet province. On September 1, 1909, the Americans declared Baguio a chartered city and the Summer Capital of the Philippines. During the American Occupation, quite a few Baguio natives acquired a taste for country songs, cowboy hats and boots. They also gained a command of the English language. Baguio City, in many ways, became westernized under American rule, and even resembled an idyllic American town.
This idyll, however, was shattered by war once again. Baguio City fell into the hands of a foreign power for a third time as the Philippines got drawn into the war between the United States of America and Japan. Japan bombed the city of Baguio on December 8, 1941 and invaded Camp John Hay 19 days later, turning it into their command post. During the early stages of the war, Japan successfully conquered many territories in the Far East. The Americans later recovered, however, and even gained the upper hand. Soon the Japanese imperial army was on the run. Japanese forces from all over Asia retreated to Baguio for their final stand. It was rumored that the retreating Japanese forces took with them the riches from the many countries they plundered. Then, upon the orders of Emperor Hirohito, on September 3, 1945, General Yamashita formally surrendered to the Americans in Camp John Hay. No treasure was ever recovered from the Japanese, and an urban legend was born: the fabled Yamashita Treasure. The legend has grown with the passing of time, and so has the alleged treasure. Numerous rumors of crates filled with gold bars and jewel-encrusted golden buddhas buried here and there have kept hordes of treasure hunters searching and digging all over Baguio and Benguet. But it was something less incredible and less dramatic than Yamashita’s Treasure that began to draw more people to Baguio.
Shortly after the war, Baguio reestablished itself as a favorite tourist spot of the Philippines. War-damaged buildings were repaired and more were constructed. Moreover, with the improvement of roads and other infrastructures, the city also established itself as the cultural and learning center of the north. Baguio became a melting pot as migrants from Kalinga, Apayao, Mountain Province, Abra and Ifugao as well as from the lowlands were drawn by the rapid urbanization of the city. It was this development coupled with Baguio City’s natural, cultural, historical and scenic attractions that made Baguio a top travel destination for honeymooners, families on vacation, executives on business conventions and conferences and Philippine showbiz celebrities.
Baguio History Trivia
It is interesting to note that the famous Zigzag of Kennon Road was born of an engineering error! Engineers decided to build Kennon Road more or less parallel to the mighty Bued River. The Americans went to work quickly and began building the road from both ends. Then, nearly five years into the project, it became clear the ends won’t meet because of differences in elevation. The engineers twisted and turned the road to compensate for early miscalculations, producing the steep and winding Zigzag.
Kennon Road nevertheless remains to be the most scenic route to Baguio from the lowlands so take this route if possible. In the Klondikes, visitors will get their first ceremonial welcome or “baptism” from the cool mountain streams gently trickling from the rocks high above onto the road below. Further up, the Bridal Veil Falls is an awesome sight to behold. The name says it all but you just have to see it to believe. Don’t miss the Lion’s Head and the Zigzag View that comes right after the gigantic lion. Just remember to drive slowly and safely. You’ll often find yourself driving with a wall of rock on one side and a ravine on the other. During or immediately after heavy rains, take Marcos Highway or Quirino Highway (formerly known as Naguilian Road) instead. Being parallel to the Bued River, Kennon Road is prone to road cuts and rockslides! Kennon Road best exemplifies the Cordilleras: wild and beautiful.
Whether you’re hitting the road for business or pleasure, these tips can make traveling to Baguio more fun and memorable.
Planning your trip Book a room at least a month in advance, especially if the date of your visit falls on a holiday or on one of the peak seasons listed on the chart below. On these dates, it may be a little difficult to find a suitable room. Or schedule your trip on regular dates and enjoy lower rates. If you are taking the bus, go to the bus station early or better yet, get seat reservations to and from Baguio during holidays and peak seasons.
Below is a handy list of phone numbers of various local assistance centers, you might want to store in your cellphone. You can never tell when a fellow traveler might need some assistance:
Department of Tourism
(074) 442 8848 (074) 442 7014
Notre Dame De Chartres Hospital
(074) 619 8530
Saint Louis Hospital of the Sacred Heart
(074) 442 5700
Baguio Medical Center
(074) 442 3338
Baguio Police Department
166 (074) 442 1211
People’s Action Team Responding Online
If you will be driving to Baguio, remember to check your vehicle. Use BLOWBAG to make sure your vehicle is roadworthy: Check your Brakes, Lights, Oil, Water, Battery, Air, Gas. When you check your tire pressure, check your tires as well. You’ll need good traction driving up and down the winding roads of Baguio. Don’t depend solely on your brakes when driving downhill. Shift to low gear on steep inclines. It’s safer. By the way, gas gets more expensive the farther you are from Metro Manila so get a full tank of gas.